Intermediate hyperglycaemia, insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome among obese Arab children (12–17 years old) in Kuwait

Published:February 18, 2020DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2020.02.001

      Highlights

      • More than half of 97 obese children had insulin resistance (56.7% HOMA-IR>3.42).
      • 27.8% had elevated HbA1c (39−46 mmol/mol; 5.7–6.4%).
      • 16.5% had fasting plasma glucose 5.6–6.9 mmol/l.
      • 14.4% children had metabolic syndrome.
      • Childhood obesity and associated metabolic abnormalities need urgent attention.

      Abstract

      Objective

      To screen 97 obese Arab adolescents for metabolic risk factors.

      Results

      Insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome and intermediate hyperglycaemia was found in 56.7 %, 14.4 % and 27.8 % (HbA1c) while fasting plasma glucose was impaired in 0–16.5 %, using different cut-offs. Interventions to prevent obesity and diabetes are needed.

      Keywords

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