Model 1: unadjusted.
Model 2 adjusted for: age, sex, ethnicity, social deprivation [Townsend index], cancer illnesses [number], non-cancer illnesses [number], treatments/medications undertaken [number], systolic blood pressure and household density [number per house].
Model 3 adjusted for: Model 2 plus smoking status [never, past, current], walking pace [slow, steady average, brisk], leisure time physical activity [MET.minutes/week], fruit and vegetable consumption [portions per week], red meat consumption [portions per week] and alcohol intake [units/day].
References (odds ratio 1) are 25 kg/m2 for BMI and 80 cm for waist circumference. Odds ratios (lines) and confidence intervals (areas) are plotted for ranges of BMI and waist circumference values (x axes) between the 2.5th and 97.5th centile of their distributions. Shaded area as 95% CI.