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Review: Type 2 diabetes in Latin America and the Caribbean: Regional and country comparison on prevalence, trends, costs and expanded prevention

Published:October 16, 2020DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2020.10.001

      Highlights

      • T2D is one of the most critical public health problems to address in Latin America and the Caribbean region.
      • The highest prevalence is located in the Caribbean, meanwhile the highest volume in Mexico and Brazil.
      • Mexico has the highest direct medical costs within the countries that have a high prevalence of diabetes.
      • Countries in Central America and the Caribbean are the most economically vulnerable to the disease.
      • Currently, T2D prevention, diagnosis, and management are insufficient in LAC.

      Abstract

      Purpose

      To present an overview of type 2 diabetes status in Latin America and the Caribbean region.

      Methods

      The data were collected from the International Diabetes Federation Atlas and other available published sources where we identified the prevalence in Latin America and the Caribbean, the trends by regions, and sex. Also, we summarized the type 2 diabetes direct and indirect costs, and the current preventative programs and policies available for each region.

      Results

      Latin America and the Caribbean has one of the fastest-growing prevalence of type 2 diabetes, in particular the Caribbean region. Costs are relatively high in Central American countries and the Caribbean Islands. Currently, type 2 diabetes prevention, diagnosis, and management are insufficient in Latin America and the Caribbean and they do not offer a multidisciplinary integrative approach.

      Conclusion

      Effective and preventive multidisciplinary policies should be implemented in Latin America and the Caribbean to decrease the high burden of type 2 diabetes.

      Abbreviations:

      BMI (Body mass index), FPG (Fasting Plasma Glucose), GDP (Gross Domestic Product), IDF (International Diabetes Federation Atlas), NCDs (Non Communicable Diseases)

      Keywords

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