Comparing the effect of individual counseling with counseling on social application on self-care and quality of life of women with gestational diabetes


      • This interventional study was done on women with gestational diabetes.
      • Face-to-face consoling and on social application were done to improved self-care and quality of life.
      • Counseling was performed in four 45-min sessions in the pregnancy weeks of 27, 28, 29, and 30.
      • Self-care behaviors was higher in face-to-face counseling group than social application.



      The present study aimed to compare the effect of two different forms of face-to-face and counseling on a social application, i.e., WhatsApp, on self-care and quality of life of women with gestational diabetes.


      The present research was an educational trial with control group, which was conducted on diabetic women between 24 and 26 weeks of pregnancy. A total of 126 subjects were included in the study using the convenient sampling method. They were assigned into three groups. All of the participants answered the questionnaires gestational diabetes self-care, and quality of life at the beginning and end of the study. The GATHER approach to counseling (G = Greeting, A = Ask, T = Tell, H = Help, R = Return) was performed in four 45-min sessions for face-to-face and WhatsApp groups in the pregnancy weeks of 27, 28, 29, and 30. The subjects in the control group received only the routine cares for gestational diabetes. T test, Chi squared test, and ANOVA repeated measurement test were used to analyze the data.


      Findings showed a significant difference among the three groups in self-care and quality of life (p = 0.001). There was also a significant difference among the three groups in fasting blood sugar after the intervention (p = 0.005).


      Self-care counseling, both in the form of face-to-face and on social networks, improved the score of self-care and quality of life as well as glucose tolerance test (GTT) in women with gestational diabetes.


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