Does C-reactive protein to serum Albumin Ratio correlate with diabEtic nephropathy in patients with Type 2 dIabetes MEllitus? The CARE TIME study

Published:September 06, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2021.08.015

      Highlights

      • CAR is elevated in diabetic nephropathy compared to those of without nephropathy.
      • CAR levels were positively and strongly correlated with the presence of DN.
      • CAR have 79% sensitivity and 78% specificity in detecting DN when it is above 0.82%.
      • A unit increase in CAR increased the risk of DN by 3.5 folds.

      Abstract

      Aims

      Diabetic Nephropathy (DN) is a complication of Diabetes Mellitus and is associated with chronic and low-grade inflammatory burden. Novel inflammatory predictors, such as, C-reactive protein to serum albumin ratio (CAR) has been studied various inflammatory conditions, recently. Increased inflammatory burden accompany to both type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) and DN, hence we aimed to compare CAR levels of the T2DM subjects with DN to those of without DN.

      Methods

      Patients with T2DM were enrolled to the study. Study population grouped into two according to the presence (group A) or absence (group B) of DN. Characteristics and laboratory data, as well as CAR levels; of the study groups were compared.

      Results

      Median CAR levels of the groups A and B were 2.17% (0.02−13.2) and 0.39% (0.02−4.39), respectively (p < 0.001). CAR was found to be an independent risk factor for diabetic nephropathy (adjusted to age, BMI, fasting glucose, HbA1c, and body weight). One unit (0.1%) elevation in CAR increased the risk of nephropathy by 3.5 folds (p < 0.001, 95%CI: 2.24–5.45). CAR levels greater than 0.82% have 79% sensitivity and 78% specificity in predicting DN (AUC: 0.86 [95% CI: 0.80−0.92]; p < 0.001).

      Conclusions

      In conclusion, elevated CAR levels are higher in type 2 diabetic patients with diabetic nephropathy. According to the ROC curve, a level higher than 0.82% presents the best sensitivity and specificity in the association with the presence of DN.

      Keywords

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