Effects of common weight loss plans on diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular risk factors

Published:November 19, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2021.11.003

      Highlights

      • Weight loss plans in diabetics need to be implemented with caution.
      • Dietary interventions in diabetes need to consider cardiovascular risk factors.
      • Diet can affect not only glycemic control but also long-term complications of diabetes.

      Abstract

      Diabetes mellitus is globally considered one of the most common chronic diseases, management of which is critically asscociated with an adequate dietary approach. With overweight and obesity being a global epidemic, choosing the appropriate weight loss plan for patients with diabetes seems to be of particular concern for healthcare professionals. Since diabetes and cardiovascular diseases frequently coexist, modern pharmacological therapeutic models aim at addressing both. Therapeutic targets in diabetic population that address glycemic control, adequate lipid and blood pressure control proves to limit the incidence of cardiovascular events, reduce the risk of chronic complications and improve patients quality of life. Similarly, dietary managment in this population should also concentrate on the reduction of reversible cardiovascular risk factors. Nutritional recommendations for diabetic patients should be individualized to meet their expectations and lifestyle in order to ensure compliance and long-term effects. As diabetic population is more vulnerable to further health risks associated with diet induced metabolic changes, inadequate intake of dietary components and increased cardiovascular risk, nutrition plans should be addressed more carefully in this group.

      Keywords

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