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Helping smokers with diabetes quit: A scoping review of the interventions utilised, and the challenges and barriers to smoking cessation

Published:January 19, 2023DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2023.01.005

      Highlights

      • Stand-alone smoking cessation interventions can help smokers with diabetes quit.
      • The addition of pharmacotherapy appears to increase smoking cessation success.
      • Stronger warnings should be used to motivate persons with diabetes to quit smoking.

      Abstract

      Tobacco smoking is recognised as a priority in diabetes management, yet many individuals with diabetes continue to smoke beyond diagnosis. This paper identifies the most promising smoking cessation strategies by reviewing the literature reporting interventions carried out amongst this study population, and the challenges and barriers to smoking cessation. Stand-alone smoking cessation interventions which included pharmacotherapy were found to be more successful in achieving abstinence than interventions which included smoking cessation as part of a broader intervention for improving diabetes management. Misconceptions about smoking and diabetes management were frequently reported, undervaluing smoking cessation. This emphasizes further the need to inform smokers with diabetes about the link between tobacco use and diabetes complications.

      Keywords

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